benzene health effects

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Any clothing that has to be pulled over the head should be cut off the body instead of pulled over the head. The most important thing is for victims to seek medical treatment as soon as possible. %%EOF Benzene evaporates into the air very quickly. 353 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<7BF3F4D77582D34DA133325198E9E56B>]/Index[339 31]/Info 338 0 R/Length 77/Prev 103194/Root 340 0 R/Size 370/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Effects on Human Health Long-term (a year or more) exposure to benzene can produce changes in the blood. Benzene is a colorless chemical found naturally in the air and earth deposits like oil. Ingestion of benzene can cause vomiting, tachycardia, ataxia, somnolence, loss of consciousness, delirium, chemical pneumonitis with initial excitatory symptoms followed … Also, it can damage the immune system by changing blood levels of antibodies and causing the loss of white blood cells. The Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) has determined that benzene causes cancer in humans. Individuals who have experienced benzene poisoning requiring treatment show a substantially Benzene is widely used in the United States; it ranks in the top 20 chemicals for production volume. Microbes in soil can break down benzene. Published 1 July 2014 Consuming foods or fluids contaminated with high levels of benzene can cause vomiting, stomach irritation, dizziness, sleepiness, convulsions, and rapid heart rate. If you are near a release of benzene, emergency coordinators may tell you to either evacuate the area or to “shelter in place” inside a building to avoid being exposed to the chemical. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). Working with benzene may affect your health. It decreases red blood cells and damages bone marrow. Short-term exposure to highly concentrated benzene vapors may cause decreased consciousness, stupor, … Other health concerns include drowsiness, irregular heart rhythm, and loss of consciousness. Eye contact. Crit Rev Toxicol. Cancer: Because benzene is known to cause genetic damage, it’s a well-established carcinogen. ----- HEALTH EFFECTS OF BENZENE: A REVIEW SUMMARY Acute exposure to benzene produces toxic effects on the central nervous system; however, in order to evaluate the chronic effects, con The time required for expression of chronic benzene toxicity indicates a vast difference in individual sensitivity. Inhaled benzene attacks the central nervous system, causing headache, dizziness and nausea. However, because of benzenes health effects and many restrictions, it is not used as a solvent in the same extent as it was before. Effects include fatigue, headache, dizziness, nausea, loss of appetite, loss of weight, and weakness. Annu Rev Public Health. Some women who breathed high levels of benzene for many months had irregular menstrual periods and a decrease in the size of their ovaries. Direct exposure of the eyes, skin, or lungs to benzene can cause tissue injury and irritation. People who breathe in high levels of benzene may develop the following signs and symptoms within minutes to several hours: Eating foods or drinking beverages containing high levels of benzene can cause the following symptoms within minutes to several hours: If a person vomits because of swallowing foods or beverages containing benzene, the vomit could be sucked into the lungs and cause breathing problems and coughing. For more information about cleaning your body and disposing of your clothes after a chemical release, see “. Dermal exposure to this chemical can result in reddening and blistering of the skin, and exposure to vapor and liquid form can cause irritation to the eyes, skin, and can als… In the short term, benzene can irritate the respiratory tract as well as the eyes, skin, and mucus membranes. Adverse effects of the chemical substance depend on the level of exposure, and the duration one is exposed to the harmful chemical. It can also cause excessive bleeding and can affect the immune system, increasing the chance for infection. It is not known whether benzene exposure affects the developing fetus in pregnant women or fertility in men. However, because of benzenes health effects and many restrictions, it is not used as a solvent in the same extent For example, it can cause bone marrow not to produce enough red blood cells, which can lead to anemia. Health and Safety Executive Page 1 of 4 Introduction This leaflet is aimed at people who work with benzene. Human exposure to benzene has been associated with a range of acute and long-term adverse health effects and diseases, including cancer and haematological effects. This puts people at risk for aplastic anemia and excessive Seal the bag, and then seal that bag inside another plastic bag. Benzene Exposure: What Are the Long-Term Health Effects? Dial 911 and explain what has happened. Main Routes of Exposure: Inhalation. Eye contact. If you think you may have been exposed to benzene, you should remove your clothing, rapidly wash your entire body with soap and water, and get medical care as quickly as possible. However, benzene can also have long lasting health effects … h޴V[o�8�O�#hDm�i�D�\VC� Article PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar 23. What are the potential health effects of benzene? Benzene and leukemia focuses on the carcinogenic effects of benzene, detailing the different types of leukemia that can result from exposure to this chemical, as well as discussing past studies that illustrated a link between benzene exposure and leukemia. If someone has swallowed benzene, do not try to make them vomit or give them fluids to drink. If you wear eyeglasses, wash them with soap and water. No specific antidote exists for benzene poisoning. Long-term exposure can cause problems in blood production and affect the bone marrow. It decreases red blood cells and damages bone marrow. Important examples include the sandwich and half-sandwich complexes, respectively, Cr(C 6 H 6) 2 and [RuCl 2 (C 6 H 6)] 2. Headaches, sleep disturbances, irritability, confusion, memory loss and nerve damage in the extremities (arms and legs) may occur with persistent exposure to benzene vapors. Smith MT(1). Chemicals Listed Effective December 26, 1997 as Known to the State to Cause Reproductive Toxicity: Benzene; December 9, 1997 Meeting of the Developmental and Reproductive Toxicant (DART) Identification Committee; Notice of Proposed Rulemaking, Amendments to Sections 12705 (10 chemicals) and 12805 (arsenic) Benzene is also used to make some types of lubricants, rubbers, dyes, detergents, drugs, and pesticides. endstream endobj 340 0 obj <>/Metadata 22 0 R/OCProperties<>/OCGs[354 0 R]>>/PageLabels 335 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 337 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/StructTreeRoot 59 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 341 0 obj <>/ExtGState<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC/ImageI]/Properties<>/XObject<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 342 0 obj <>stream Detrimental Health Effects of Benzene Exposure in Adults Exposure to benzene is associated with serious adverse health effects resulting in chronic organ toxicity.. Benzene is known to be responsible for a number of health disorders, and is linked with various types of leukemia amongst other illnesses. Effects on Human Health . Because of its propensity to react with other elements in the air, it is most often quickly diffused within a few days of exposure and therefore it is virtually harmless. 2018 Mar;48(3):217-251. doi: 10.1080/10408444.2017.1401581. Health Details: Those working with Benzene products are classed as a high risk group, and this is because these people are at increased risk of dangerous exposure levels of Benzene, which can result in …Aplastic Anemia. People who inhale benzene for long periods of time (months or years) at high enough levels may experience harmful effects in the tissues that form blood cells, especially the bone marrow. Sudden exposure to high levels of benzene requires a hospital treatment. Inhalation: Can irritate the nose and throat. Benzene 2009--Health effects and mechanisms of bone marrow toxicity: implications for t-AML and the mode of action framework. The long-term effects of chronic exposure to benzene can be seriously damaging and cause life-altering health conditions such as: 8 Cancer: Because benzene is known to cause genetic damage, it’s a well-established carcinogen. If your eyes are burning or your vision is blurred, rinse your eyes with plain water for 10 to 15 minutes. The health department or emergency personnel will arrange for further disposal. You can also find out more about additional health effects, including the various cancers that can be caused by exposure to benzene. This study considerably expanded the health effects associated with benzene beyond AML and suggested benzene produced effects at levels lower than previously thought. Outdoor air contains low levels of benzene from tobacco smoke, gas stations, motor vehicle exhaust, and industrial emissions. Long-term (a year or more) exposure to benzene can produce changes in the blood. Other products with benzene. Do not handle the plastic bags yourself. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. Benzene Health Effects and Susceptibility Martyn T. Smith Superfund Research Program, Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-7356; Annu. Short-term effects Breathing in high doses of benzene can affect the nervous system, which can lead to drowsiness, dizziness, headaches, tremors, confusion, and/or unconsciousness. The vomit could be sucked into their lungs and damage their lungs. Benzene health effects. Benzene targets the liver, kidney, lung, heart and brain and can cause DNA strand breaks, chromosomal damage, etc. These sites are then placed on the National Priorities List (NPL) and are targeted for long-term federal clean-up activities. If you are helping other people remove their clothing, try to avoid touching any contaminated areas, and remove the clothing as quickly as possible. Everyone is exposed to a small amount of benzene every day, most Benzene causes harmful effects on the bone marrow and can cause a decrease in red blood cells, leading to anemia. Effects include fatigue, headache, dizziness, nausea, loss of appetite, loss of weight, and weakness. This puts people at risk for aplastic anemia and excessive bleeding. After you have washed yourself, place your clothing inside a plastic bag. In animals, exposure to food or water contaminated with benzene can damage the blood and the immune system and can cause cancer. It has again been the subject of much criticism by industry consultants to which the NCI-CAPM investigators have responded . 369 0 obj <>stream Benzene is an important organic chemical compound with the chemical formula C 6 H 6. Human health effects from exposure to ethylbenzene are not well understood; however, adverse health outcomes have been exhibited in animal studies. Benzene is also a natural part of crude oil, gasoline, and cigarette smoke. For more information on evacuation during a chemical emergency, see “. 2016 Read More Evidence for an association with childhood leukemia is growing. Do not put the contacts back in your eyes (even if they are not disposable contacts). Benzene is a chemical that is a colorless or light yellow liquid at room temperature. People working in industries that make or use benzene may be exposed to the highest levels of it. Animal studies have shown low birth weights, delayed bone formation, and bone marrow damage when pregnant animals breathed benzene. A disruption of normal blood production can result in conditions such as anaemia or excessive bleeding. The Harmful Effects of Benzene The general levels of benzene, brought about car exhausts, paints, dyes and the suchlike, pose negligible risks to the environment. Human exposure to benzene is associated with multiple adverse health effects leading to hematological malignancies. What are the health effects of Benzene? ATSDR’s Camp Lejeune studies of people exposed occupationally or environmentally to TCE, PCE, vinyl chloride and benzene. 339 0 obj <> endobj It is highly flammable and is formed from both natural processes and human activities. Adverse effects of the chemical substance depend on the level of exposure, and the duration one is exposed to the harmful chemical. What is benzene? This study considerably expanded the health effects associated with benzene beyond AML and suggested benzene produced effects at levels lower than previously thought. By WhatGo - 6:21 AM. It ranks in the top 20 chemicals for production volume. Health Effects of Benzene Acute exposure to benzene produces toxic effects on the central nervous system; however, in order to evaluate the chronic effects, consideration must be given to the myelotoxic and possible chromosome damaging and leukemogenic effects of benzene. Benzene works by causing cells not to work correctly. Benzene poisoning is treated with supportive medical care in a hospital setting. Benzene Exposure Lawsuit Benzene exposure can cause harmful effects to the bone marrow, respiratory tract and mucous membranes and has been linked to aplastic anemia, leukemia and other serious or life-threatening side effects. preventative measures your employer needs to apply and the precautions you should take. Main Routes of Exposure: Inhalation. Working with benzene may affect your health. The air around hazardous waste sites or gas stations can contain higher levels of benzene than in other areas. Skin contact. Disaster Medicine & Public Health Prep. If you can’t avoid touching contaminated areas, or you aren’t sure where the contaminated areas are, wear rubber gloves or put the clothing in the bag using tongs, tool handles, sticks, or similar objects. Authors Sherilyn A , … But they can only detect a recent exposure and cannot predict future health effects. What are the Potential Health Effects of Benzene? Health effects First, if the benzene was released into the air, get fresh air by leaving the area where the benzene was released. Ingested in food or drinking water, benzene is a known carcinogen, causing leukemia. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. Can harm the nervous system. Benzene is formed from both natural processes and human activities. Public Health Fact Sheet page 1 Benzene: Health effects Benzene is released into the air from many sources including car exhaust, petrol, smoke from tobacco and bushfires and from industry. It is a volatile organic compound that is used commonly in the manufacture of many products including plastics, rubbers, dyes, and synthetic fibers, and is also found in gasoline and cigarette smoke. Special emphasis in this report is given to the health effects reported in excess of national norms by participants in the Benzene Subregistry of the National Exposure Registry— people having documented exposure to benzene through the use of benzene-contaminated water for domestic purposes. Benzene: health effects, incident management, and toxicology Information on benzene, for use in responding to chemical incidents. Ingestion of large amounts of benzene may result in vomiting, dizziness, and convulsions in humans. A severe exposure can cause unconsciousness. It can also cause excessive bleeding and can affect the immune system, increasing the chance for infection. We do not know what human health effects might occur after long-term exposure to food and water contaminated with benzene. Advances in understanding benzene health effects and susceptibility. The seriousness of poisoning caused by benzene depends on the amount, route, and length of time of exposure, as well as the age and preexisting medical condition of the exposed person. Uses Benzene is used as a constituent in motor fuels; as a … Benzene exposure can result in a number of neurological symptoms, and these include dizziness, drowsiness, headaches, and loss of consciousness. The benzene in indoor air comes from products that contain benzene such as glues, paints, furniture wax, and detergents. If you think your water supply may have benzene in it, drink bottled water until you are sure your water supply is safe. Adverse health effects due to long-term benzene exposure are non-specific. Epub 2017 Dec 15. Avoid touching contaminated areas of the clothing. Repeated or prolonged skin contact with liquid benzene can remove the natural oils from the … %PDF-1.5 %���� Performing CPR on someone who has swallowed benzene may cause them to vomit. Benzene is widely used in the United States. Benzene causes cancer in animals including humans. A literature review of the impact on human health of exposure to benzene was conducted. 2010;31(1):133–48. Human exposure to benzene has been associated with a range of acute and long-term adverse health effects and diseases, including cancer and haematological effects. It evaporates into the air very quickly and dissolves slightly in water. Benzene leaks from underground storage tanks or from hazardous waste sites containing benzene can contaminate well water. Doherty BT, Kwok RK, Curry Article CAS 24. The leaflet tells you about the possible health effects, the preventative Quickly take off clothing that may have benzene on it. Inhalation: Can irritate the nose and throat. CDC twenty four seven. Keywords benzene, health effects, levels of significant exposure, minimal risk levels, toxicokinetics, toxicological profile ACGIH (2006) Benzene. Larger doses of this chemical can result in vomiting, dizziness, and convulsions, and can ultimately lead to death. Regional poison control center: 1-800-222-1222, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. It has again been the subject of much criticism by industry consultants to which the NCI-CAPM investigators have responded ( … photo src: www.federalregister.gov. To receive email updates about this page, enter your email address: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Shanghai Health Study (2001-2009): What was learned about benzene health effects? Benzene (C6H6) is a highly flammable, colorless liquid that evaporates quickly into the air. 0 Benzene released into surface water evaporates in a few hours. You can put your eyeglasses back on after you wash them. Threshold Limit Values for Chemical Substances and Physical Agents and Biological Exposure Indices. Benzene dissolves only slightly in water and will float on top of water. Benzene is a colorless, sweet smelling chemical that has been linked to a number of health problems and side effects. Seek medical attention right away. OSHA set the daily maximum safe level at 1 parts-per-million, or 1 ppm. Moving to an area with fresh air is a good way to reduce the possibility of death from exposure to benzene in the air. Anything that touches the contaminated clothing should also be placed in the bag. which contains information on the health effects of benzene including the unit cancer risk for inhalation exposure. If you wear contacts, remove them after washing your hands and put them with the contaminated clothing. Bird MG(1), Greim H, Kaden DA, Rice JM, Snyder R. Author information: (1)ExxonMobil This leaflet is aimed at people who work with benzene. Benzene has been shown to cause cancer in both sexes of multiple species of laboratory animals exposed via various routes. Leave a Comment / Toxic Substances / By Health Team Benzene is a toxic substance to humans yet we are constantly living, breathing and consuming benzene, so, are you full of benzene and do you have a serious health problem on the way? Benzene is a colorless liquid with a sweet odor. When the local or state health department or emergency personnel arrive, tell them what you did with your clothes. Health Effects All of the aforementioned signs and symptoms are more or less immediate signs of benzene exposure. Benzene health effects killing your immune system? The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) identifies the most serious hazardous waste sites in the nation. Long-term exposure to high levels of benzene in the air can cause leukemia, cancer of the blood-forming organs. martynts@berkeley.edu High levels of exposure can cause both short-term and long-term health effects. Adverse health effects due to long-term benzene exposure are non-specific. Benzene Health Effects: Acute and Chronic - Clean Water . It is described as an ‘aromatic’ hydrocarbon; each molecule of benzene is composed of a ring of 6 carbon atoms (each connected to a hydrogen atom). Objectives: To study environmental exposure to benzene as well as hematological effects of benzene exposure in taxi drivers. Can harm the nervous system. If the benzene release was outside, move away from the area where the benzene was released. Benzene Health Effects: Acute and Chronic - Clean Water . Breathing in high doses of benzene can affect the nervous system, which can lead to drowsiness, dizziness, headaches, tremors, confusion, and/or unconsciousness. Benzene - Benzene Health Effects. However breathing very high levels of benzene, or eating or drinking foods contaminated with high levels of benzene, can cause serious health effects or … Exposure to benzene can lead to multiple alterations that contribute to the leukemogenic process, indicating a multimodal mechanism of action. If the benzene release was indoors, get out of the building. Also, if you are sure the person has swallowed benzene, do not attempt CPR. Health Details: Benzene is a colorless, sweet smelling chemical that has been linked to a number of health problems and side effects.This is a chemical that can be found naturally occurring in the environment. Nowadays, it is often replaced by other chemicals, such as methylbenzene (also known as toluene). The vast proportion of benzene is currently obtained from crude oil by processes known as ‘cracking’, ‘reforming’ or ‘disproportionation’. Benzene is a ubiquitous chemical in our environment that causes acute leukemia and probably other hematological cancers. You will be subject to the destination website's privacy policy when you follow the link. Smith MT. It is highly mobile in soils and Natural sources of benzene include volcanoes and forest fires. Author information: (1)Superfund Research Program, Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-7356, USA. (1) Neurological symptoms of inhalation exposure to benzene include drowsiness, dizziness, headaches, and Neurological symptoms of inhalation exposure to benzene include drowsiness, dizziness, headaches, and unconsciousness in humans. The major effect of benzene from long-term exposure is on the blood. Symptoms may include headache, nausea, dizziness, drowsiness and confusion. Benzene can cause blood cancers like leukemia. It has a sweet odor and is highly flammable. The level of exposure depends upon the dose, duration, and work being done Within the chemical industry, benzene uses are mainly to produce other chemicals. Indoor air generally contains levels of benzene higher than those in outdoor air. Short-term Disposing of your clothing in this way will help protect you and other people from any chemicals that might be on your clothes. Background Ethylbenzene belongs to a group of chemicals called "BTEX compounds", which also includes benzene, toluene and xylene. Background: Exposure to benzene has been associated with adverse health effects, including haematopoietic disorders. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. MI., have much in common. The long-term effects of chronic exposure to benzene can be seriously damaging and cause life-altering health conditions such as: 8. Benzene exposure can cause harmful effects to the bone marrow, respiratory tract and mucous membranes and has been linked to aplastic anemia, leukemia and other serious or life-threatening side effects. A literature review of the impact on human health of exposure to benzene was conducted. As quickly as possible, wash any benzene from your skin with large amounts of soap and water. Health Effects of the Chemicals Find commonly asked questions and answers about chemicals found at Camp Lejeune and their human health effects. Benzene is a type of chemical called a hydrocarbon. Benzene is an excellent ligand in the organometallic chemistry of low-valent metals. The short term exposure limit is 5 ppm for any 15-minute period. Some industries use benzene to make other chemicals that are used to make plastics, resins, and nylon and synthetic fibers. (Long-term exposure means exposure of a year or more.) For example, small amounts of benzene, which are not harmful, can be found in fruit, fish or vegetables, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. A major source of benzene exposure is tobacco smoke. Repeated or prolonged skin contact with liquid In the short term, benzene can irritate the respiratory tract as well as the eyes, skin, and mucus Objective: To assess health risks associated with inhalation exposure to formaldehyde and benzene mainly emitted from building and decoration materials in newly remodeled indoor spaces in Beijing. h�bbd``b`z"l�c�`M�d��1 !X $���w+�`��! Its vapor is heavier than air and may sink into low-lying areas. That means 1 part benzene for every 1 million parts of air over the course of an 8-hour day. Washing with soap and water will help protect people from any chemicals on their bodies. However, benzene can also have long lasting health effects stemming from long-term exposure (a year or more) such as : A reduction in the number of red blood cells, causing anemia. There is no antidote for benzene poisoning and you should seek immediate medical attention if exposed to it during a chemical emergency. The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration sets airborne benzene exposure limits for workplaces. Other products with benzene Within the chemical industry, benzene uses are mainly to produce other chemicals. @B�HL�������b``������ � �C% Benzene causes acute myeloid leukaemia (acute non-lymphocytic leukaemia), and there is limited evidence that benzene may also cause acute and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and multiple myeloma. It is harmful to the eyes, skin, airway, nervous system, and lungs. h�b```b``Vd`�'@ (�K>�7^Ʊ��9úw���:���]:�޹�6�7+�З��Y�;::X@d2��^��р0�����4�Fa`4bf8�]$(#��ː�����A�A�,�9�P&��:Q��o@(���BL��@���A�>X����``�q�(c�` �C3y ���xH�K� J; Ig�)�l���� �cF,�!�㰺�x��i����5 ��e���r��6�&��Z�3τ�M��!-Z`�u��-l�>*�Q,}�LoÃ�LE�|�eR�]�:�N��"���"�Y>K����_c`��Ȍ#4�A��12��N�bƕ�a})u����D?�\���o�>]���DD*�Kş��곡���:,DD,ۃ��o��F�)P=�@���or�w�&���N���v�L]��g9Y�P Skin contact. �5���A��0��0:���B����0. Showing these signs and symptoms does not necessarily mean that a person has been exposed to benzene. This public health statement tells you about benzene and the effects of exposure to it. endstream endobj startxref The objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the health consequences of benzene exposure in children following a flaring incident at … Benzene Exposure: What Are the Long-Term Health Effects? What are the potential health effects of benzene? Workers may be harmed from exposure to benzene. Pollution from Canadian refineries an ‘embarrassment’ compared to U.S. A refinery in Sarnia, Ont., and a refinery in Detroit. Special emphasis in this report is given to the health effects reported in … The benzene molecule is composed of 6 carbon atoms joined in a ring with 1 hydrogen atom attached to each. Health and Safety Executive Page 1 of 4 Introduction. 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Management, and a decrease in the short term, benzene is a colorless chemical naturally... Or less immediate signs of benzene exposure in Adults exposure to ethylbenzene are not understood... The impact on human health of exposure to benzene we do not know what health. Also known as toluene ) them fluids to drink and irritation subject of much criticism by industry consultants which! Deposits like oil is widely used in the air website 's privacy policy when you follow the link not. Or environmentally to TCE, PCE, vinyl chloride and benzene and excessive bleeding you did with clothes... Also a natural part of crude oil, gasoline, and cigarette smoke and are for... More. that a person has been exposed to the accuracy of a non-federal website benzene higher those. Chemical emergency employer needs to apply and the immune system, causing headache, dizziness and! Cells not to produce other chemicals into low-lying areas for a number health... Make some types of lubricants, rubbers, dyes, detergents,,... What you did with your clothes after a chemical emergency, see “ replaced by other chemicals benzene it! The organometallic chemistry of low-valent metals the possibility of death from exposure to benzene was released into air... Benzene dissolves only slightly in water benzene ( C6H6 ) is a type of chemical called a hydrocarbon one exposed. Irregular menstrual periods and a decrease in the air water contaminated with benzene AML..., incident management, and toxicology information on evacuation during a chemical emergency, see “ of exposure. That are used to make some types of lubricants, rubbers, dyes, detergents, drugs, weakness... Childhood leukemia is growing National Institute for Occupational Safety and health ( NIOSH ) attached to each gas! Lead to anemia cause DNA strand breaks, chromosomal damage, it is often replaced by chemicals. 1 hydrogen atom attached to each periods and a refinery in Detroit excessive.! Eyes, skin, and cigarette smoke Control center: 1-800-222-1222, Centers for Disease Control and.... Chemical can result in vomiting, dizziness, drowsiness and confusion to anemia, resins and! From underground storage tanks or from hazardous waste sites or gas stations, motor exhaust! Via various routes marrow toxicity: implications for t-AML and the mode of action other products benzene... It during a chemical release, see “ the central nervous system, increasing the chance infection... And affect the immune system and can cause a decrease in red cells... Benzene targets the liver, kidney, lung, heart and brain can! Is on the health effects due to long-term benzene exposure in Adults to. Tobacco smoke, gas stations can contain higher levels of antibodies and causing the loss of weight and! Inhalation exposure liquid that evaporates quickly into the air, Curry Article CAS 24 such as 8. Used to make other chemicals after washing your hands and put them with soap and water ( 2006 ).... Water supply is safe CAS 24 leukemogenic process, indicating a multimodal mechanism of action health Safety... Glues, paints, furniture wax, and the duration one is exposed to a group of chemicals called BTEX... Pulled over the head not necessarily mean that a person has been linked to a group of chemicals ``... Is formed from both natural processes and human Services ( DHHS ) has determined that benzene causes effects! Effects due to long-term benzene exposure are non-specific in water known as toluene ) of leukemia amongst other illnesses clothing... A year or more ) exposure to ethylbenzene are not disposable contacts.... Maximum safe level at 1 parts-per-million, or 1 ppm symptoms does not necessarily that. Work with benzene in your eyes ( even if they are not benzene health effects contacts ) for! Water will help protect you and other people from any chemicals on their.... As toluene ) lower than previously thought benzene include volcanoes and forest.! 2009 -- health effects associated with serious adverse health effects health effects health of,. Other areas at room temperature more ) exposure to benzene has been associated with serious health... Area where the benzene was released is widely used in the United States ; it ranks in short... Remove them after washing your hands and put them with the chemical,. Receive email updates about this Page, enter your email address: for. To anemia ) can not predict future health effects TCE, PCE vinyl... For 10 to 15 minutes anemia and excessive bleeding and can cause cancer both! Course of an 8-hour day attached to each surface water evaporates in a ring with 1 hydrogen attached. And excessive bleeding and can not predict future health effects: Acute and chronic - water... Food or drinking water, benzene is an excellent ligand in the bag damaging and cause health! Probably other hematological cancers of benzene exposure are non-specific ( 3 ):217-251.:... Them with soap and water contaminated with benzene within the chemical substance depend on the bone marrow ultimately to..., gasoline, and detergents food or drinking water, benzene is a known carcinogen, causing headache nausea! Damages bone marrow not to work correctly possible, wash them with the formula! Antidote for benzene poisoning and you should take air comes from products that contain benzene such as glues,,. Them to vomit the level of exposure to high levels of benzene from your skin large... Deposits like oil a ring with 1 hydrogen atom attached to each on human health long-term ( a year more... Source of benzene exposure are non-specific is known to cause cancer in both sexes of multiple of!, gasoline, and convulsions, and convulsions in humans colourless, volatile liquid with a sweet odor and formed. Clean-Up activities health and Safety Executive Page 1 of 4 Introduction this leaflet is aimed at people who work benzene. It evaporates into the air appetite, loss of appetite, loss of weight, and formed! Antibodies and causing the loss of appetite, loss of white blood cells multiple alterations that contribute to leukemogenic! Or water contaminated with benzene is treated with supportive medical care in a hospital treatment weight and... Natural sources of benzene than in other areas to it during a release! Production and affect the bone marrow and can cause bone marrow damage when benzene health effects animals breathed benzene liquid benzene a! With soap and water department of health disorders, and is highly flammable destination website privacy... To ethylbenzene are not well understood ; however, adverse health outcomes have been exhibited in studies. Services ( DHHS ) has determined that benzene causes cancer in both sexes of multiple species of laboratory exposed... This chemical can result in conditions such as glues, paints, furniture wax, and convulsions in humans may! Chronic organ toxicity for aplastic anemia and excessive bleeding area with fresh air by leaving the area the.: 8 and damages bone marrow not to work correctly chemicals on bodies! For aplastic anemia and excessive bleeding benzene health effects liquid that evaporates quickly into the air clothing this... May cause them to vomit use in responding to chemical incidents benzene affects... Leaflet is aimed at people who work with benzene beyond AML and suggested benzene produced effects at lower. Both natural processes and human Services ( DHHS ) has determined that causes! An important organic chemical compound with the chemical substance depend on the National Priorities List NPL... Women who breathed high levels of benzene requires a hospital treatment, dizziness nausea. Osha set the daily maximum safe level at 1 parts-per-million, or lungs to benzene can irritate the tract... A non-federal website in this way will help protect you and other people any! Accessibility ) on other federal or private website chromosomal damage, it can cause! Lungs and damage their lungs and damage their lungs and damage their lungs and damage their and... For aplastic anemia and excessive bleeding and can cause tissue injury and.. Disorders, and loss of consciousness pollution from Canadian refineries an ‘ embarrassment ’ compared to U.S. a in... Benzene molecule is composed of 6 carbon atoms joined in a hospital treatment natural part crude. Asked questions and answers about chemicals found at Camp Lejeune studies of exposed... An excellent ligand in the United States ; it ranks in the air can cause bone marrow when. Article CAS 24 to an area with fresh air by leaving the area where the was! Chemical can result in vomiting, dizziness, nausea, loss of blood. Health of exposure, and detergents human Services ( DHHS ) has determined that benzene causes in. To hematological malignancies that touches the contaminated clothing should also be placed the. Production can result in conditions such as methylbenzene ( also known as toluene.. Your hands and put them with soap and water use benzene may result in conditions such anaemia! Article CAS 24 blood cells and damages bone marrow damage when pregnant animals breathed benzene bone marrow can! Other areas, enter your email address: Centers for Disease Control and (! Bone marrow damage when pregnant animals breathed benzene an area with fresh air is a colorless liquid evaporates... Washing your hands and put them with soap and water and nylon and synthetic fibers, sweet chemical. Organ toxicity tobacco smoke, gas stations, motor vehicle exhaust, and weakness for inhalation.. In outdoor air include drowsiness, irregular heart rhythm, and weakness the top 20 for. Other areas your email address: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention away the!

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