balsam poplar tree leaves
Growth Rate and Mature Height. The leaves of the Balsam Poplar turn black in the fall, for this reason balsam poplar is also known as black poplar. Poplar Identification; Balsam Tree Type . Ovate, tough-skinned, 5-12cm long, 3-10cm wide, leaf stem 3-5cm long. Small catkins (3 in) on the male trees are the first to appear in the spring, followed by large, sticky, fragrant leaf buds that smell of balsam. The leaves of the white poplar trees are either oval or five-lobed. This American hardwood loves the flood plains of the southern United States. Leaves are alternate and simple with a round leaf stalk. Hybridizes with balsam poplar where ranges overlap. Balsam Poplar. Hardy in USDA Hardiness Zones 3-9. Populus balsamifera, commonly called balsam poplar, bam, bamtree, eastern balsam-poplar, hackmatack, tacamahac poplar, tacamahaca, is a tree species in the balsam poplar species group in the poplar genus, Populus. Synonyms: P. tacamahacca Mill. The genus name Populus is from the Latin for poplar, and the specific epithet balsamifera from Latin for "balsam-bearing". It grows transcontinentally on upland and flood plain sites but attains the best development on flood plains. long, long-pointed. The resulting fruit is a capsule that … The seeds may be messy but are harmless; male cottonwood pollen in March can trigger allergies during hay-fever season. Growth Rate: Fast These water storing trees, like all leaf-bearing trees, form the buds for their spring leaves in the fall. The petioles are round in cross section. The bark may become deeply fissured. Buds, Bark and Stem . BALSAM POPLAR 67 The leaves are alternate,ovate,3–5 inches long and 2–3 inches wide.They are deep dark green and shiny on the upper surface, light green and usually with rusty blotches on the under side. 7–12 cm; Colour. Serrated edge. Black Poplar. Both leaf surfaces are smooth, the upper dark green, the lower light green with irregular rusty blotches. Different varieties of the Poplar grow to reach different heights, but all of them are fast-growing. Balsam poplar ranges to the high boreal zone, and is distinguished from its relatives by its long, relatively narrow leaves that sometimes bear orange resin on their undersides. American... Also called tacamahac . Identification of Poplar tree: Leaves aside, tree bark may provide some clues to identity Poplar trees. Cottonwood leaves are typically triangular with toothed and rounded edges, but the Narrowleaf Cottonwood has lance-like leaves. A poplar tree of northern North America having ovate leaves and large buds coated with a sticky, fragrant resin. In the region, balsam poplar occurs on sites that are relatively rich in nutrients and less acidic, and in relatively small, localized stands, in association with black and white spruce, balsam fir and trembling aspen. Throughout Northwestern Ontario. Form. Poplar leaves are larger--2-1/2 to 4-1/2 inches long--and broadly lance-shaped, shiny dark green above and pale green to brownish below. It grows transcontinentally on upland and flood plain sites but attains the best development on flood plains. The Common North American Poplar Species . balsamifera Quaking Aspen – Populus tremuloides Black cottonwood (Poplus balsamifera subsp. Balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) is the northernmost American hardwood. Flowers. The edges are lined closely with small, rounded teeth. The buds exude the same resin, from which the tree takes its common name, as it is the source of "balm of Gilead," traditionally used as an ointment to relieve chest congestion. The leaves are shiny and dark green with a pointed tip. Also called tacamahac . A tree 100 ft high in the wild, but rarely more than half as high in this country, producing suckers freely; young shoots smooth, round; winter-buds thickly covered with a balsamic, very fragrant, viscid, yellowish resin, often 1 in. Quaking aspen; Balsam poplar; Eastern cottonwood; Black cottonwood; All have long reproductive catkins that appear just before the new leaves of spring and can help in identification. The bark, leaf, and dried, unopened leaf buds are used to make medicine. Latin name: Populus balsamifera L. French name: Peuplier baumier; Synonym(s): Eastern balsam poplar Taxonomic Serial Number: 22453 Description Leaves. trichocarpa) is nearly identical to balsam poplar except leaves are whitish underneath and it grows in south-coastal Alaska. This tough Poplar is a native of North America and gets its name from the sweet smelling fragrance emanating from its sticky buds. Balsam poplar – Populus balsamifera subsp. Many kinds of wildlife use the twigs for food. Balsam Poplar. It is a hardy, fast-growing tree which is generally short lived, with some trees reaching 200 years. Salicaceae -- Willow family. Bark Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. The light, soft wood is used for pulp and construction. These trees originated from cuttings that were originally sampled from six geographically defined populations during the winter of 2005–2006. The leaves of the western balsam poplar release a sweet smell, and a sticky balsam is produced. Balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) is the northernmost American hardwood. No need to register, buy now! The poplar tree comes in many different species that share some characteristics, but each also have their distinct features that make them easier to identify. In 2010, balsam poplar leaves were sampled from 23 trees growing in a common garden near the northern edge of the species range in Fairbanks, Alaska. Differences in mature height and the look of the leaves are examples of features that distinguish between different types of poplar trees. Leaves. Balsam Poplar Tree. The Balsam Poplar is a moisture-loving tree that lives in river valleys, from the Red Deer River north to the Sheep River in the south. Their edges are finely toothed and they resemble the shape of an egg. The Balsam Poplar is commonly used for wood pulp in wood making, construction, and manufacturing. Broadly ovate, tip long drawn-out; Base usually rounded, sometimes wedge-shaped or slightly heart-shaped; Warty glands may be present at the base; Lower surface mostly hairless; Length. Balsam poplar - Populus balsamifera - Zone 1a The Balsam Poplar is a fast-growing, cold hardy deciduous tree that is very adaptable and capable of growing in a wide range of soils. Native to the northern USA and Canada, in the wild it can grow up to 30m (100ft), under cultivation in the UK it reaches only 20m (65ft). 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